The words Dog Breed Info with the letter D inside of a black paw print

The Purebred Miniature Pinscher

Information and Pictures

View from the front - A black and tan Miniature Pinscher is sitting on a hardwood floor.

Twiggy the Min Pin waiting for a treat.

Other Names
  • Min Pin
  • King of the Toys
  • Zwergpinscher

MIN-ee-a-chur PIN-churspeaker


The Miniature Pinscher is a small, compact, square dog. The head is in proportion to the body. The skull appears flat, tapering forward toward the muzzle. The muzzle is strong and in proportion to the head. The teeth should meet in a scissor bite. The topline is level or slightly sloping toward the rear. The slightly oval eyes are dark. The ears are set high and either cropped or left natural. The front legs are straight. Dewclaws are usually removed. The small feet are cat-like in shape. The AKC calls for the tail to be cropped, however cropping is illegal in most European countries. The short, smooth, hard coat lies close to the body. Coat colors include black with rust markings, chocolate with tan, red and stag red (red with black hairs).


The Miniature Pinscher is a hardy little fellow who is proud and courageous. He is loyal to his master, spirited and alert with high energy. Intelligent, lively and brave. Generally good with other pets and children so long as the humans provide proper leadership toward the dog. Its behavior depends entirely upon how you treat the dog. Do not let this sweet little dog fall into the Small Dog Syndrome, human induced behaviors where he believes he is pack leader to humans. That is when problems start to arise. The dog will become demanding, headstrong and will begin to bark more than you wish. If you allow this, the dog may become a tyrant. If you are not this dog’s pack leader, it will become protective and may become very aggressive with other dogs. It can also become rather suspicious towards strangers. The Miniature Pinscher can learn extremely well and wants very much to do so. It is certainly beneficial for its socialization to take the dog to puppy courses where it can meet other dogs and people. You will be amazed at how fast the Miniature Pinscher understands and obeys you. Pay particular attention when housebreaking this little Pinscher, since a little puddle from such a small dog can easily be overlooked; the dog may get the idea that you are happy to accept it fulfilling its natural needs indoors. Beware, this little dog will chew small objects and may choke on them. Do not overfeed this breed. A balanced Min Pin will not have the behavior problems listed above. If it truly has rules, boundaries, limitations, a true pack leader and a daily pack walk, it will be a wonderful family companion.

Height, Weight

Height: Males 10 - 12 inches (25 - 30 cm) Females 10 - 11 inches (25 - 28 cm)
Weight: Males 8 - 10 pounds (4 - 5 kg) Females 8 - 9 pounds (about 4 kg)

Health Problems

Generally healthy.

Living Conditions

The Miniature Pinscher is good for apartment life. It is very active indoors and will do okay without a yard. The Miniature Pinscher should be protected from the cold.


Min Pins need a daily walk. Play will take care of a lot of their exercise needs, however, as with all breeds, play will not fulfill their primal instinct to walk. Dogs that do not get to go on daily walks are more likely to display behavior problems. They will also enjoy a good romp in a safe, open area off lead, such as a large, fenced-in yard. Make sure any yard in which they can run loose has a fence high enough to prevent their determined efforts to escape and explore.

Life Expectancy

About 15 or more years

Litter Size

About 2 to 6 puppies


The Miniature Pinscher's smooth, shorthaired, hard coat is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and shampoo only when necessary. You can remove loose hair by wiping the coat with a warm, damp cloth. This breed is an average shedder.


The Miniature Pinscher is a German breed. The Miniature Pinscher was developed from the Dachshund, Italian Greyhound, and the shorthaired German Pinscher. The breed looks like a mini Doberman, most likely because both the Miniature Pinscher and the Doberman both were developed from the German Pinscher. The breed was used as a barnyard ratter, controlling the rodent population in the stables. The Miniature Pinscher is often called the "King Of The Toys." Some of the Miniature Pinscher's talents are competitive obedience, watchdog and agility.


Terrier, AKC Toy

  • ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
  • ACR = American Canine Registry
  • AKC = American Kennel Club
  • ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
  • CKC = Continental Kennel Club
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
  • KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
  • NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
  • NKC = National Kennel Club
  • NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club
  • UKC = United Kennel Club
A black and tan Miniature Pinscher is standing in front of a doorway on a wooden porch looking to the left.

Twiggy the Min Pin as a puppy

A black and tan Miniature Pinscher is standing in a road with a person in purple pants and white sneakers next to it.

Twiggy all grown up!

View from the front - A black and tan Miniature Pinscher puppy is sitting on a light colored tan and blue plaid couch with its head tilted to the left.

"This is my dog Mylie. Mylie is a purebred Miniature Pinscher, shown here as an 11-week-old puppy. She is a tiny girl, but with a big attitude. Mylie loves to play and have fun. She will play with anyone and anything. Many people feel as if Miniature Pinschers have some sort of aggressive behavior. I feel the complete opposite. Any dog can become aggressive; it always doesn't depend on the breed, but on the owner. My Min Pins have always loved people and have had such great attitudes!! They are always eager and willing to please!"

A perk-eared cropped, red Miniature Pinscher is standing on a light blue plaid couch looking over the edge.

Penny the Min Pin standing up on the couch

A perk-eared cropped black and tan Miniature Pinscher is laying next to a tan leather couch.

"My pet’s name is Sir Gotti Von Coxx. He is 8 years old in this picture, but has the soul of a 3 year old. I purchased him when he was only 8 weeks old from a breeder in the State of Michigan. I brought him home in my pocket, he was so tiny. He now weighs in at 8 pounds, but walks and thinks he is a 100-pound Doberman Pinscher. His temperament is perfect; he is extremely well behaved and listens to my every word. He has been trained in Portuguese, English and German. Every night I bring him for a walk and every time I get stopped and asked what type of dog he is as he is just perfect. Not very many people see a Miniature Pinscher with German Doberman cut ears. He is truly one of a kind. He is a gentleman among gentlemen and truly owns his own personality."

View from the top looking down - A large perk eared black with brown Miniature Pinscher is sitting on a rug and it is looking up.

"I fell in love immediately as soon as I saw her! She was running around with so much energy and excitement! Lilly loves to play tug-of-war, she knows how to sit, speak and lie down. I couldn't ask for a better companion! She is very affectionate and is always by my side. She loves to crawl underneath blankets when we are lying down and snuggle. Although a lot of the websites say not to overfeed this breed and to monitor her feeding, Lilly has full reign to her food dish because she is a "picker." She does not overfeed herself. She definitely is a spoiled little girl but she knows who is boss! She gets along with other animals and people who come to visit. She usually will bark until they come in the house and then she wants their attention. She loves her daddy but she is not very welcoming to men (she's not mean but she usually doesn't go to a man). She definitely is the princess of the house :)"