The words Dog Breed Info with the letter D inside of a black paw print

Native American Indian Dog

Information and Pictures

View from the side - A grey with tan and white Native American Indian Dog is standing in grass looking to the right. There is a chainlink fence, a person and another dog behind it.

Fang the Native American Indian Dog at 2 years old

Other Names
  • NAID

NEY-tiv uh-MAIR-ih-kuhn IN-dee-uhn dawg


The Native American Indian Dog comes in two distinct sizes, two hair coat lengths and two distinct coat color combinations. It can range in color from silver to black, including a tortoiseshell-colored coat. Dogs that exhibit tortoiseshell coats are considered sacred to the Native Americans. Its coat can be short and dense, two layers thick, of which the undercoat is wind and water proof, to a longhaired overcoat with a dense undercoat. Ears are prick and upright, head broad and wide between the eyes with an angular shaped head tapering down to a slender muzzle. The eyes range in color from brown to amber. They are almond shaped with a sparkle of intelligence looking out on the world. The tail can be tightly curled as in an Alaskan Malamute or Siberian Husky, but preferable breed standards tend toward a long tail held down with sometimes a slight kink or bend in the end.


The Native American Indian Dog's intelligence level is extremely high. This breed is highly trainable and eager to please its human companions. It is loyal and protective of its family. Socialize well to avoid it being shy with strangers. The Native American Indian Dog is totally dedicated to its human owners. Native American Indian Dogs are sensitive animals that do well with firm authority, but not harshness. They are very good with children and other animals, including other dogs, household pets as well as livestock. Usually a stern "NO" will stop them in their tracks. They are extremely versatile animals bred to work, as in pulling a sled or hunting whatever game you choose them to hunt. The objective in training this dog is to achieve pack leader status. It is a natural instinct for a dog to have an order in its pack. When we humans live with dogs, we become their pack. The entire pack cooperates under a single leader. Lines are clearly defined. You and all other humans MUST be higher up in the order than the dog. That is the only way your relationship can be a success.

Height, Weight

Weight: 55 - 120 pounds (25 - 55 kg)
Height: 23 - 34 inches (58 - 67 cm)

Health Problems

Hip Dysplasia

Living Conditions

The Native American Indian Dog does not do well as an apartment dog or a total housedog. It needs a fenced-in area where it can run and play at will and does not adapt well to a "closed crate" crate-training method. If locked in a crate, it thinks it is being punished and doesn't understand what it did wrong or why it is being punished. A large yard is ideal. This breed prefers the outdoors, your bed or the couch, or wherever its owners happen to be.


Native American Indian Dogs require moderate exercise. They need to be taken on a daily, long, brisk walk or jog. While out on the walk the dog must be made to heel beside or behind the person holding the lead, as in a dog's mind the leader leads the way, and that leader needs to be the human. In addition, they will benefit from a large, safe area where they can run free where they will enjoy a daily romp. Energy levels vary from one dog to the next, as in people, all are different. About one pup out of 20 will be the high-energy “run run run” type that make good sled dogs for racing, but on the average, they are a very mellow dog that do not require a lot of room to run.

Life Expectancy

About 14 to 19 years

Litter Size

About 4 to 10 puppies


The NAID sheds its undercoat once a year in the spring. Brush the coat during the shedding season to cut back on unwanted hair inside the house.


Breeders of the NAID state that the Native American Indian Dog® (NAID®) is being selectively bred to recreate the appearance and versatility of the original dogs of Native Americans. Dogs were the only beast of burden utilized by Native Americans before the Spaniards introduced the horse in the mid-1500s and were an integral part of village life. Dogs would pull a travois carrying the family's belongings, hunt and fish, and were "babysitters" for the children and elderly when the women were gathering berries and herbs. Historical documents authored by missionaries, trappers, explorers and entrepreneurs recorded what life was like for the "Natives" and their dogs and many included drawings, paintings and photographs. It is upon this documentation that the breed was founded and then the name was trademarked by Mrs. Karen Markel, Majestic View Kennels, in the mid-1990s. The NAID® today has proven to be a nationally recognized and registered dog breed exhibiting traits the Native Americans admired in their ancestral dogs. They are highly intelligent, versatile, enjoy extended longevity and are hypoallergenic. They are used as excellent hunting companions, therapy dogs, handicap assist dogs, search and rescue animals, weight competition draught pullers, skijoring dogs and exceptional family companions.

Others have claimed that any dog sold as an Indian dog is not a re-creation. Original native dogs are extinct and have been since before the invention of photography. Indians themselves did not have a pure breed of dog. Theirs were mixed dogs. With the arrival of the Europeans, these dogs became interbred with dogs from Europe and other countries. Because the dogs were never a purebred dog, and because no one bothered to study into them much, it would be impossible to "re-create" them. The NAID are a new type of dog started by one breeder.

While others state: "One dog native to north America still exists. The Carolina dog which has been DNA tested to be American. Also, the Naid does NOT resemble our native dogs. They resemble modern art work romanticizing natives with wolves. Our wolves, which have now been DNA tested are more coyote than actual wolves don't possess long coats like that. The weather would never permit. Cute dogs though, good name, but totally inaccurate in there representation. They're built off of western fantasies about Native Americans."


Native American

  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • NAID - Native American Indian Dog Registry
  • NKC - National Kennel Club
Two large breed dogs under a table outside on a deck while people eat lunch at the table sitting in red chairs

"These are my Native American Indian Dogs, which is a rare breed of dog that is similar to the dogs that traveled with the Indigenous tribes."—Courtesy of Night Eyes Farms Native American Indian Dog Preservation Project

Front side view - A perk-eared, relaxed-looking, white with tan Native American Indian Dog is sitting in grass with its head tilted to the right. The sides of its nose are black and the middle section of its nose is pink.

Takoda aka "Koda" the Native American Indian Dog at 7 years old

Side view - A perk-eared, grey with tan and white Native American Indian Dog is standing on rocks in front of a porch. There is a hole in front of it.

"This is Zakai Ashkii Elu the Native American Indian Dog at 4 years old. His mother is Hakata and his father Paahuma. He is very loving and affectionate and loves to climb into bed with me and cuddle. He is a great alarm clock and will wake me when he knows it is time for me to get up by hitting me or the bed with his paw. He is my son's guardian and gets upset when he gets out of sight. I have observed him staring off in the direction my son has gone for quite some time after he has left and then will periodically look and listen in that direction the whole time he is gone. He is leery of strangers, but once he gets to know people he lets them give him lots of love and attention. He enjoys having his tummy rubbed and will let you do it for as long as he can get away with it. He loves the outdoors, but wants to be in with the family as well." Photo courtesy of Indian Valley Kennels

Head and upper body shot - A long-haired, perk-eared, grey with tan and white Native American Indian Dog is standing in grass and it is looking forward. Its eyes look like wolf eyes.

Zakai Ashkii Elu the Native American Indian Dog at 4 years old, photo courtesy of Indian Valley Kennels

Left Profile - A long-haired, perk-eared, grey with tan and white Native American Indian Dog is standing in grass in front of a chain link fence. Its mouth is open and its tongue is out.

Zakai Ashkii Elu the Native American Indian Dog at 4 years old, photo courtesy of Indian Valley Kennels

A tan with red Native American Indian Dog is sitting outside in snow and it is looking up. It is licking its nose and there is snow on its face. It has a blue dog bone tag hanging from its collar.

"Ate' Lowan, a 10-week-old Native American Indian Dog. Ate' loves the snow...even if there's only an inch!" Photo courtesy of Sacred Song Indian Dogs

A young, black with tan and white Native American Indian puppy is sitting on a red, white and black blanket in front of a wooden wall.

Native American Indian Dog at 3 ½ weeks of age

A black with grey and white Native American Indian Dog Puppy is sitting on a green mat on a wooden porch and in front of a glass sliding door.

"You can’t really tell in the picture, but Blytala's sitting in water. He loves water. He dumped the bowl of water onto the food container and started playing in it. The funny thing is, he hates getting baths but loves playing in the rainwater or the water bowl water!!! Blytala is 10 weeks old in this photo."

A tan with white Native American Indian Dog is sitting on a tan tiled floor and behind it is the refrigerator. Its tongue is hanging out to the right of its mouth and it looks like a silly cartoon character.

"This is Catori. She is a 7-month-old Native American Indian Dog. She is very playful and loves to go on walks. I walk her about a mile a day. Although her breed is not known to protect she is a good protector. She is cautious around strangers and other dogs. She loves to lie by her family and be close to us. She is very intelligent. These dogs bond very strongly to their owners. Catori is the best decision I have ever made."

See more examples of the Native American Indian Dog